The act of beheading, particularly during the French Revolution, claimed the lives of many notable figures in France. Here are 10 famous French individuals who were beheaded:
- King Louis XVI: The King of France was executed in 1793 during the French Revolution, marking the fall of more than a millennium of continuous French monarchy.
- Marie Antoinette: The Queen of France and wife of Louis XVI, she was executed in 1793, a few months after her husband.
- Georges Danton: A leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution, Danton later faced accusations of corruption and was executed in 1794.
- Maximilien Robespierre: One of the most influential figures of the French Revolution and a key architect of the Reign of Terror, he was executed in 1794.
- Charlotte Corday: She assassinated Jean-Paul Marat, a radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution. Corday was executed in 1793.
- Camille Desmoulins: A journalist and politician who played a key role in the French Revolution, Desmoulins was executed in 1794 alongside Danton.
- Antoine Lavoisier: Known as the “Father of Modern Chemistry,” Lavoisier was also a tax collector. He was executed in 1794 due to his association with the old regime’s tax system.
- Madame du Barry: The official chief mistress of Louis XV, she was executed in 1793 for her royal connections.
- Olympe de Gouges: A playwright and political activist who advocated for women’s rights, she was executed in 1793 for her revolutionary ideas.
- Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans: A cousin of Louis XVI and a supporter of the Revolution, he voted for the king’s execution. However, he was later arrested and executed in 1793.
The guillotine became the symbol of the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution, and many of these individuals met their end by this method.